Untitled Document
Search astroshastra
Home | Direct Pay | Payment Options| Customer Care| Recommend this page | Track your Order| Site Map | Login Here
Yantras Rudraksh Beads Divine Idols Lucky Charms Feng shui Remedies Heera Sankh Parad Store Vastushastra Book Store Gems Store Puja Request Peace Oil Shaligram Shilas Crystal Store
24. 03. 2017
Home      Articles      

The Gods of the Vedas

"Light us up with happiness, O Ushas, daughter of heaven, With great lustre, O radiant one, with wealth, O bountiful goddess.

Like a fair maiden comes Ushas, gladdening all She comes awakening four footed beasts, And makes the birds rise into the air. O Ushas, shine with shimmering radiance, O daughter of heaven, bringing us happiness As you shower your light upon the daily sacrifices."

hymn to Ushas, the goddess of dawn, in the Rigveda

The word ved, means to know and the four Vedas are Books of Knowledge. They are a collection of hymns and ritual incantations that were sung during the ritual sacrifices, called yajnas. These hymns, called mantras, are songs praising the pantheon of gods of the early Aryans and in them we find descriptions of the great deities. It was believed that the Vedas were not written but divinely revealed and heard by

THE GODS OF THE VEDAS

This was the concept of Shruti, hearing, and so fi'i , rHturics these mantras were handed down as an oral

¦ i a-titit hi from one generation of the priesthood to the next. \ i inn. h emphasis was laid on correct pronunciation, the text ¥ is memorised and recited with amazing precision and so the Vcilii'. have come down to us relatively unchanged.

I'lie Rigveda, composed before 1200 B.C.E contains |028 hymns in praise of thirty-three gods and goddesses. I !ir 10,589 verses, divided into ten mandalas, or cosmic si. nons, were composed over many centuries by many p." is, often many generations of the same family of rishis, ot seers. The Rigveda is at the heart of the Aryan system . *i icligion while the other three Vedas are really extensions

¦ 'I this most important Veda. The Samaveda is a collection of holy chants selected from the Rigveda for use during the sacrifices. As these sacrifices became more elaborate with complex rituals, a class of pncsts rose who specialised in the performance of the sacrifices. The third Veda, the Yajurveda has esoteric lormulas, sacred invocations, the mantras and spells recited by the priests during the sacrifice. The fourth Veda, the Atharvaveda has a mix of hymns of praise and rituals, mantras and magic spells. Each Veda is divided into two sections—the Samhita with the hymns and mantras and the Brahmanas that are commentaries on the hymns.

The gods of the Rigveda are colourful deities. Magnificent kings like Indra and Varuna, auspicious like Agni and sacred like Soma. Among the goddesses are Ushas, Ratri and Prithivi. In appearance the gods and goddesses were imagined as ideal human beings and had a royal way of life. They rode through the air on horse-drawn chariots or on the back of animals and birds. The food they liked was the best food of the humans—oblations of milk and honey, grain and flesh. With it they drank the exhilarating juice of the soma plant.

Unlike humans, gods are immortal. The gods receive the prayers of humans and have the power to answer their prayers, by rewarding the good and punishing the evil. Some deities are somehow kinder than the others, others are more unpredictible and prone to anger. What makes them truly omnipotent is their ability to control the powers of nature, something that leaves us humans helpless. They can make storms cease and make the clouds rain, make the crops grow and if, angry, sweep the sky with thunder and lightning.

There was no clear hierarchy of the deities and every hymn calls the god it praises as the Supreme One. At times the same power is attributed to different gods. So both Indra and Varuna are called the king of the gods, Indra brings the rains and so does Varuna. The descriptions of the deities can at times be contradictory, changing from hymn to hymn. In one hymn Dyaus is the father of Indra, in another it is Tvashtri. The powers of Brahmanaspati, Prajapati, Brihaspati, and Brahma are interchangeable. Then many aspects of the same deity has different names and sometimes get treated as different gods. So Surya is also Pushan, Savitra, and Vishnu, Agni is Rudra, Varuna is Mitra. Still for a mythology that has survived for nearly five thousand years, the pantheon of Vedic gods is surprisingly vivid, well-ordered and fascinating in their colour and character. And among them if there was a trinity of powerful Vedic gods, it was the triad of Agni-Indra-Surya and with them was the celestial drink of Soma.

The gods also needed enemies they vanquished and evil they triumphed over. The Tattiriya Samhita puts evil in three i ategories—the asuras who oppose the gods, the rakshasas who are the enemies of men and the pisachas who trouble the dead. For the Aryans their enemies were the Dravidians and aborigine tribes that they were trying to conquer. So they were transformed into the demon asuras and rakshasas of their myths and shown being defeated by the Aryan gods. Primarily asuras and rakshasas were powerful kings and chieftains who were transformed into demons only because they opposed the Aryans. They acquired the bloody fangs and extra heads after this demonisation. The asura king Havana, as we know was a scholar, worshipper of Shiva, and a successful king of a prosperous kingdom. His undoing was his opposition to the Rama Avatar.

The oldest commentator of the Rigveda, Yaska divides the Vedic gods into three sections according to the three divisions of the universe. So the gods can be celestial, atmospheric or terrestrial deities. The celestial or dyusthana deities are Dyaus, Varuna, Mitra, Surya, Savitra, Pushan, Vishnu, Aditi, the Adityas, Ushas, and the Ashvins. The important atmospheric or madhyamsthana deities are Indra, Rudra, the Maruts, and Vayu. The terrestrial or prithvisthana deities are Agni, Brihaspati, Soma, Prithvi, and Yama. If we judge the power of the god according to the number of hymns dedicated to them, then the three Indra-Agni-Soma were clearly the most popular ones. And most of them are benevolent deities with the exception of the volatile, malevolent Rudra

Articles Related Remedies

Shani Sade Saati Explained With Remedies

Vedic Remedies For Planet Sun In Horoscope

Vedic Remedies For Planet Venus

Vedic Remedies For Mars In Horoscope

Lal Kitab Remedies For Planet Mars

Manglik Dosha Or Kuja Dosha In Horoscope With Remedies

Guru Chandal Yoga

Kemdrum Yoga In Horoscope

Gand Mool In Horoscope

The Gaja-Kesari Yoga-1
Related Articles
  • Planet Sun In The Birthchart
  • The Gods Of The Vedas
  • Planet Mercury In The Birthchart
  • Kaal Sarp
  • EFFICACY OF GEMS-1
  • ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES KALAPURUSHA - RASHI AND PARTS
  • How Marriage Astrology Can Help You To Find Your Perfect Soul Mate?
  • Aries Impact


  • More Products

    Vasikaran Yantra(Gold Plated Panchdhatu)
    INR:2950 
    USD:
    46.83

    Gold Plated Ganesh Yantra
    INR:2999 
    USD:
    47.60

    Vighantras Navgrah Yantra (5" X 4")
    INR:2076 
    USD:
    32.95

    Vahandurghtna Yantra (6" X 5")
    INR:3020 
    USD:
    47.94

    Silver Kuber Yantra
    INR:3999 
    USD:
    63.48

    Navgrah Rudraksha Pendant (Nepal+Indian Beads) In
    INR:10575 
    USD:
    167.86

    Power Pendant-10 (Nepal Beads) In Red Thread
    INR:40653 
    USD:
    645.29

    Ganesh Pendant (Indonesian Beads) In Red Thread
    INR:4950 
    USD:
    78.57

    Ten Mukhi Rudraksha In Silver Pendant
    INR:4350 
    USD:
    69.05

    Tarquoise Pendant With Chain (10 Carets App.)
    INR:2400 
    USD:
    38.10

    Cats Eye In Gold Pendant (7 Caret)
    INR:8975 
    USD:
    142.46

    Lapis Lazuli Pendant (5 Carets App.)
    INR:530 
    USD:
    8.41

    American Diamond In Silver Pendant (9 Caret)
    INR:2080 
    USD:
    33.02

    Amethyst In Siver Pendant (6 Caret)
    INR:1500 
    USD:
    23.81
    Adam's Pagination

    Total Astrology Books in Astroshastra Book Store: 732


    INR:150 USD:2.38
    Divisional Of Charts [English]


    INR:300 USD:4.76
    Relationship: Marriage,Love & Sex [English]


    INR:100 USD:1.59
    Anisth Garah [Hindi]


    INR:100 USD:1.59
    All About Dreams [English]


    INR:100 USD:1.59
    Swapna Vigyan [Hindi]



    Page 1 of 147        1    2    Next

    Hanuman(1)
    INR:599 USD:9.51

    Brass Ganesha (1)
    INR:2900 USD:46.03

    Brass Krishna On Tree With Peckock
    INR:2699 USD:42.84

    Brass Shiva-Ling
    INR:699 USD:11.10

    Brass Appu Ganesha
    INR:999 USD:15.86

    Brass Radha Krishna On Swing
    INR:2195 USD:34.84

    SANTAN GOPALANM HOMA

    LAKSHMI NARAYAN PUJA

    BRIHASPATI HOMAM

    AIKANATHYA SUKTHAM JAPAM

    GURUVAYURAPPAN ABHISHEK

    Vishnu Sahasranamam Path

    UMA MAHESHWARA PUJA

    NAKSHATHRA PUJA

    KAAL SARP DOSH NIVARAN HOMAM

    RAJAGOPALAM PUJA

    PURUSHA SUKTHA PUJA

    AYUSHA HOMA

    KETU HOMA

    Sai Baba-1 (4.25 Inches)

    Indian Ruby In Gold Pendant (8 Caret)

    Tarquoise Pendant (4.5 Carets App.)

    Das Mahavidya Yantra

    Laughing Buddha (5)

    Shree Yantra Embossed On The Turtle (50 Gm)

    Istri Jatak Phal

    Sarvottam Ram Sita Koorma Narayan Shaligram

    Heera Shankh 079

    Swastik (1)

    Surya Yantra With One Mukhi Rudraksh

    Two Mukhi Rudraksh Mala

    Banish Evil Oil
    Delicious Button Instagram
      Services - Remedies | Vastu | Academic Report | Career Report | Love Report | Hindu Puja Request| Marrige Report| Matchmaking| Astroshastra Family| Astrology Articles| Baby Names| Panchang| Auspicious Days| Newsletter
      Indian Store - Divine Idols | Yantras | Gems | Astro Combos | Rudraksha | Crystal | Tantra Items | Essential Oils | Mantra Stickers | Deity Images | Bhojpatra Yantra | Pyramids| Heera Shankh |
      Chinese Store - Feng Shui Items | Feng Shui Jewellery | Home Decor | Lucky Charms | Candle Store
      General Info - About us | Advertise | Partners | Feedback | Contact Us | Copyright | Privacy Policy | Disclaimer | Be Our Distributers| Testimonials | Payment Options | Site Map |
      Sister Sites - Artacarte.com | Astroshastra.net | Astroshastra.info | Rudraksh.info | Yantrashastra | Shaligram | Rudrakshabeads.co.in
    Copyright © 2001-2017ASTROSHASTRA, a brand by ROUGEOYANT GLOBAL .