Base oils or Carrier oils re used as medium in which to dilute
essential oils before applying to the skin. Base oils are normally
pure vegetable oils (preferably unrefined or cold pressed) such
as almond, olive oil or sunflower seed. Mineral oil (often available
as 'Baby Oil') is derived from petroleum and should never be
use as a base oil.
Almond Oil: Sweet almond oil is pale yellow with a delicate
nutty odour and slightly sticky texture. It is non-irritant
to most skin types and is easily absorbed by the skin (its specially
good for itchy skin conditions).
Apricot Kernel Oil: An expensive light textured odourless
oil used mainly in beauty care. Being light it is suitable for
applying to the face and other areas of delicate skin.
A thick green oil when cold pressed, more vicious and pale yellow
when heat extracted. It is highly penetrative and is excellent
for dry & ageing skin. Because of its viscosity it should
be blended (10-25%) with lighter base oil like almond.
A thick sticky oil which is very beneficial for dry damaged
hair. Again it needs to be blended with a light oil (10-20%).
Coconut oil: A light oil, traditionally used for dry
skin and especially for skin and scalp treatments. Coconut oil
is also a natural sunscreen known to block up to 20% of the
suns harmful rays.
Is bright yellow color with a slightly sticky texture and faint
odour. It contains useful quantities of Vitamin E and essential
Evening primerose oil:
Has an exceptionally fine texture & a faint musty odour.
It is rich in Linoleic acid and also contains Gamma Linoleic
Acid (GCA). It is excellent in the treatment of eczema, psoriasis,
dry and ageing skin. Use upto 10-15% in a base oil.
Groundnut oil (also known as Peanut
Oil): Has a pronounced nutty odour
and sticky texture. It has a soothing effect on over heated
skin & is excellent for after sun treatment.
A light highly penetrative oil which is actually a liquid wax.
It has the same ingredients as the sebum on the skin. It is
a balancing oil, good for treating acne & oily skin as well
as dry & dehydrated skin.
Olive oil: Contains useful levels of the essential fatty
acid alpha linoleic acid. It is particularly beneficial for
treating rheumatism, aches & pains and dry or inflamed skin.
A light golden yellow with a slightly sweet, nutty odour oil.
Cold pressed Sunflower oil contains Vitamins A,B, D & E.
it makes an excellent massage oil base.
Wheatgerm oil: A thick and sticky orange brown hue colored
oil with a strong earthy odour. It is extremely rich in Vitamin
E. It is suitable for dry damaged ageing skin & will help
to prevent stretch marks during pregnancy. It should be blended
with a lighter base oil at dilution of 10-20%.
Mixing Massage Oils:
Essential oils should be diluted at a rate of 0.5-3% depending
on the odour intensity of the oil and the condition for which
its being applied. (maximum 3 drops of essential oil in 1 tsp
= 5ml of base oil).