Nag Panchami is observed on the 5th day of the bright half of Shravan (July-August). On this day
nag, cobras and snakes are worshipped with milk, sweets, flowers, lamps and even sacrifices.
The images of Nag deities made of silver, stone, wood (or painted on the wall) are first bathed
with water and milk, and then worshipped with the reciting of the following mantras:
bhavantih shanthnapnoti vai vibhoh, Sashunti lok ma sadhya modate shashttih samah.
cobras are held in awe and reverence in India. They are worshipped and offered prayers on the
Nag Panchami day. Fast is observed and Brahmins are fed on this day. The piety observed on this
day is considered a sure protection against the fear of snake-bite. At many places real cobras
and snakes are worshipped and fairs held. On this day digging the earth is prohibited, because
the serpents live under the earth or in the nether world and digging may hurt or annoy them.
The various Purans like Agni Puran, Skanda Puran, Narad Puran, etc., give details of snake-worship
and its significance.
The Nags, as mythical creatures are semi-divine beings. They are said
to have sprung from Kadru, the wife of Rishi Kashyapa, and inhabit Patal where they reign in
great splendour. They roam about the land wearing lustrous jewels and ornaments. The
thousand-hooded Shesh Nag or Anant is the most powerful of them and revered even by the
gods. He bears the whole earth like a chaplet on his crown. When he nods or yawns, the earth
with its oceans and mountains, begin to tremble.
Nag Panchami is also observed as Bhratri
Panchami, and women having brother worship snakes, their holes and keep fast to propitiate
Nags so that their beloved brothers does not fall victim to snake bite. The serpent has been
given a in India semi-bites to their beloved brother The genealogy of serpents in India has
been given a semi-human Their families are handsome, and some of them intermarried with men
as Ulupi married Arjuna. The snake-deities are also regarded as the custodians of the
treasures of land and sea.
KAAL SARP PUJA on Nag Panchami (14th August): Kaal Sarp dosh is formed
when all the seven planets come between Rahu and Ketu. The person who takes
birth with this yog suffer from various problems like child problems,
loss in business, family problems etc.