Vastu Shastra is the sublime elucidation of your surrounding and their influence on your life.
The word has been derived from the word vasu, or the earth. The earth is the principal and all the buildings,
situated on the earth, whatever is created from earth or the objects of the earth are under this Science. It literally means " house"
Place and its principles establish to create a harmony between the fine elements viz. Earth, Sky, Fire, Water and Air in the environment .
Our ancient sages have applied their knowledge and judgment to mitigate the negative functioning of our environment and
increase the advantageous effect that it can have on our life. Indisputably, It is an essential part of astrology,
it takes into consideration not only physical / corporeal success but also mental calmness & tranquility.
Its scope includes not only residential buildings but all constructions for private and public utility.
The Garuda- purana takes it in the sense of building houses, hamlets, mansions, formation of townships,
laying out of parks and gardens, construction of commercial streets, forts, temples and monastries.
It deals with different aspects of house and building construction in such a way that the house or building
in question is most favourable & lucky for the owner of the building or its occupants.
The norms prescribed in this science, if accurately applied, ensures desired results & fulfillment of all desires pertaining to house or building construction.
It ensures prosperity, peace, good luck, safety, happiness, good health, comforts, satisfaction, improved reputation, growth of family, long life
of owner, birth of son, improved social and financial status & courage to the owner and other members of the family.
In addition, it ensures good longevity to the house or building in question. It also ensures completion of house or buidling construction without any obstruction,
delay, damage, setback or objection by local administration, ensures peace of mind & happiness.
It unifies the science, art, astronomy and astrology, it can also be said as an ancient mystic science for designing and building. It helps us to make our lives
better and will secure from things going wrong.
It is based on various natural energies, which are available freely in atmosphere like :
Solar Energy from Sun
Lunar Energy from Moon
Utilization of such energies gives us pleasure, peace,
prosperity and money in our life. The solar energy has great significance as far as life on earth is concerned. Every creature on earth starts its life with sunrise as it performs day & night. Hence there is much importance of sun in every one life.
It gives ultra violet rays in morning aind infra red rays in evening which reduce/generate bio-chemical germs, N2/0xygen/C02 on earth.
Sun indicates light (illlumination), will power, generosity, solar system,
luck or fate, mobility and in body. It rules over bone, eye, heart, spinal cord, blood circulation and soul etc.
Hence east direction is auspicious; it belongs to lord Indra. North is considered auspicious since magnetic lines of force moves from North to South, thus origin of all the life.
It is a part of Vedas, which are believed to be four to five thousand years old. This art originates in the Stapatya Veda, a part of the Atharva Veda.
Vedas are divided and brought into the written form making it easier for people to understand. Sacred writings are arranged in-groups.
- Upavedas (supplementary vedas)
- Vedangas (limbs of Vedas)
- Upaangas (supplementary parts)
Rigveda, the heart of the entire Veda comprises of 10,552 verses.
- Yajurveda, sacred selections from Rigveda to chant with rhythm have about 2000 verses.
- Saamaveda, holy selections from the Rigveda arranged for melodious chanting, is enriched with about 2000 verses.
- Atharvaveda, combination of all the three Vedas with nearly 6,000 verses is considered to be a unique one.
The Vedangas and Upavedas are collections of texts that succor the Vedas to be systematic as a sacred living. Upavedas are: -
. Artha Veda, which reveals statecraft
. Ayur Veda, which deals with medicine and health
. Dhanur Veda, is the military science derived from Yajur Veda
. Gandharva Veda, the science which enlighten music and arts
. Sthapatya Veda, dealing with the architecture. (It is a part of Sthapatya Veda)
It is considered to be 100% part of our ancient astrology. According to documents, available lord Brahma is its lord,
who is supposed to protect us & also our houses & buildings from malefic influences of planets and nature. There are
many Dikpalas, Lord of different directions
, who supply necessary power for protection of the house & its owner and also all other
persons living in the house.
It deals with all type of houses, buildings & structures classified as under :
Residential buildings: Houses, kothies, flats, hostels, hotels, dharamshalas, guest houses & inns.
Religious buildings: Temples, gurdwaras, and churches.
Commercial buildings: Business houses, shoping complex, banks, stock exchanges, whole sale and retail markets and offices.
Public Buildings : Hospitals, Govt. Offices, Courts, etc.
Farm House : Poultary, diary & agricultural.
Educational Institutions : Schools, Colleges, special Training Institutions and Research Institutions.
Manufacturing houses : Workshops, factories & other big and small manufacturing units.
Misc Buildings: Cinema houses, Clubs, Police Stations, Military building for use of Army, Navy & Airforce, Bridges & Canals,
Power stations, Railway net work, tunnels, tanks, wells, godowns, warehouses.
There are five basic elements, if these forces are kept in their appropriate places, then there will be no disturbance. But if water is put in place
of fire and wind in place of water or in any other combination, the forces will start acting accordingly and create disharmony and unpeacefulness.
Out of the nine planets, our planet has life because of the presence of these five elements. Earth and Water have limited and localized availability for the
human habitat and growth. They form apparent and fundamental choice makers in the location and the physical form of architecture and habitat. Sun, Air and Space are
universally available and can be moulded to human needs by the act of design. In order to understand the act of design with these five elements, we shall have to take
each one separately to appreciate their meaning, role, and workability in architecture.
1. EARTH (Bhumi) : Earth, the third planet in order from the sun, is a big magnet with North and South poles as centres of
Our earth and its inclination 10 attractions.
Its magnetic field and gravitational force has telling effects on everything on the Earth, living and non-living. It is tilted by about 23% degrees at the meridian.
It comprises of the land structure, landform, landscape, flora and fauna. It also establishes availability of local construction materials and their workability.
2. WATER (Jal) : This is represented by rain, river, sea and is in the form of liquid, solid (ice) and gas (steam, cloud). It forms part of every plant and animal.
Our blood is nothing but water with haemoglobin and oxygen. The habitat and physical life are where water is present. This is true for all life forms and eco-cultures.
The type, form and pattern of life also greatly depend on relationship of earth and water. If we see our history, all the cultures had developed on the bank of any
water bodies, so this shows the influence of the water on our life, since ages.
3. AIR (Vaayu) : As a life-supporting element, air is very powerful life source. Pure air with oxygen is good for brain and blood. Atmosphere of earth which is about 400 kms.,
in depth, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon-di-oxide, Helium, other gases, dust particles, humidity and vapour in certain proportions. Human physical comfort values are directly
and sensitively dependent on correct humidity, airflow, and temperature of air, air pressure, air composition and its content. In this aspect, air deals with the entire
body surface through skin, blood systemthrough respiration. Air also represents the movement.
4. FIRE (Sun) : It represents light and heat without which the life will extinct. All the days and nights, seasons, energy, enthusiasm, passion, vigour is because of light
and heat only. Sun is a source of mental energy too. Best minds evolve in a natural process where the sun was temperate. Not very hot, not very cold, just the right
temperature of 24 degrees. The different zones with the variety of climate have distinctive culture and architecture. Sun has played an important role in development
of visual qualities of architecture in terms of textures, colours and above all the expressions of vitality.
5. SPACE (Aakash) : All the above elements are skillfully engineers towards the creation of physically comfortable, emotionally pleasant, intellectually determinant,
totally vibrant and blissfully satisfying spaces for human shelter and habitat.
It is unending regions remote from the earth, in which not only our solar system but the entire galaxy exists. Its effective forces are light, heat, gravitational force
and waves, magnetic field and others.
The ideal habitats, cultures, architecture and life have naturally shown progress where all the five elements, to support life, are abundantly available and are suitable
to human growth and evolution. This is an invisible and constant relation between these elements outside and those within an individual and in his living and working places.
Thus, the man can improve his conditions by properly designing his buildings by understanding the effectiveness of these five natural forces.
NORMS AS PER ANCIENT SHASTRA
1. Norms for Water Tanks and Wells
2. Norms for Testing of Soil of site or Land
3. Norms for Selection of Site
4. Norms for Good Health
5. For Better Finances
6. Norms for Environment
7. For Relationships
8. Horoscope and Dosha
9. Rules in analysizing Horoscope
11. Use of Colour therapy
, Use of Colour and Directions
12. Yogic Remedies
, Pranayam & Yog Asana
13. Transcendental Meditation
, Soham Sadhana
15. Homa, Havan importance
17. Use of Crystal Pyramid at Home